U.S. regulations and policies on new energy vehicles
The U.S. regulations and policies on new energy vehicles have always been strategic and continuous. Starting from the “Clean Air Act” of 1990 and the “National Energy Policy Act of 1992”, the United States has regarded energy strategy issues as an important part of national security: In 2002, the United States Department of Energy launched the “Fuel Cell Vehicle Freedom CAR Cooperation Plan” 》Co-invested in the development of hydrogen fuel cell vehicle technology and hydrogen energy supply supporting technology with the U.S. Automotive Research Council (USCAR); in 2005, the U.S. Congress stipulated the consumption tax on new energy vehicles, the consumption tax on alternative fuels, and the consumption tax on alternative fuels in the National Energy Policy Act. Alternative fuel production companies and infrastructure construction implement tax reduction policies to stimulate companies, households, and individuals to use more energy-saving and clean energy products: In 2007, the U.S. Congress vigorously strengthened the treatment of hybrid vehicles and biofuels in the Energy Promotion and Investment Act. In the same year, the government promulgated the “Renewable Fuels, Consumer Protection and Energy Efficiency Act”: In 2009, President Obama signed the “U.S. Economic Recovery and Reinvestment Act” to determine the direction of clean energy investment. In the same year, EERE ( The Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Agency of the Department of Energy received US$16.8 billion in financial allocations, of which US$2 billion was allocated to support EERE to manufacture advanced battery systems and components and supporting software, and battery allocations were used for advanced lithium-ion batteries and hybrid power Electronic system; followed by the Executive Office of the President of the United States, the National Economic Commission and the Office of Science and Technology Policy issued the “American Innovation Strategy”, proposing to allocate 2 billion US dollars to support the research and development of power battery technology and the development of the electric drive accessories industry. And the world’s best car battery in efficiency.
In the research on lithium-ion batteries, the US government mostly supports power battery manufacturers to maintain their traditional advantages in technology research and development. In 2009, the government allocated funds to battery manufacturers, electric vehicle manufacturers, and electric vehicle charging system equipment testing work, respectively 15 100 million US dollars, 500 million US dollars and 400 million US dollars to subsidize or reward environmentally friendly car and battery manufacturers. Among them, automobile giants represented by General Motors spare no effort in the research and development of lithium-ion battery vehicles. In 2008, it invested US$4 million to support the Norwegian Think Global lithium-ion battery vehicle project, and another US$20 million was invested to support the lithium-ion battery research and development project of A123Systems. In 2010 and 2011, the extended-range electric car Volt and the long-distance battery car Opel Ampera rolled off the assembly line.
In August 2009, President Obama signed a plan to provide financial assistance for 48 battery-related projects. The purpose of this assistance plan is to develop more effective batteries and electric drive systems for electric/hybrid vehicles. The total amount of assistance is The amount amounts to 2.4 billion US dollars. After its launch, it will greatly stimulate the development of the central and western regions. President Obama declared that what the U.S. government needs is “future-oriented cars and the technology to drive them.”
The United States has always attached importance to technology research and development, especially the control of core technologies and patents, and is also keen on the formulation and certification of international standards.